We are starting the series of descriptive English for WBCS mains and other related examinations.

We have also started a series of posts evaluating the detailed previous years’ WBCS Anthropology question papers. We will publish all previous years’ WBCS Anthropology optional question papers chapter by chapter. We are preparing answers to Previous Years’ Questions which will be updated soon. Keep visiting us regularly.

Essay on Globalisation.




Globalization is a jumble of complex phenomena that has been perceived and defined in more ways than one way. Prof. Eric Helleiner viewed globalization as a dual process comprising shrinkage of space and time due to technical advancements in transport, communication, and information processing and actions and decisions taken in one part of the world impacting other parts of the world due to the high speed of connectivity and comprehension of the world into a ‘global village’.

The European Council defined globalization in terms of processes that increased interdependency between markets and production in different countries while responding to the trends in trade in goods and services and the flow of capital and technology. It also meant an internationalized world economy characterized by recurrent nationally embedded capital represented by private actors like multinational corporations with a national base and operating under the supervision of the home country’s authorities.


The economic perspective views modern-day globalization as an offshoot of neo-capitalism that permits ‘flexible accumulation’ due to advancements in information technology and communication. It facilitates instantaneous cross-border financial flows and coordination and hugely reduces spatial barriers.  The failure of socialism in communist countries of Europe and Asia and the simultaneous ascendancy of imperialism and unfettered capitalism.


The Socio-cultural perspective of globalization is best expounded by the works of Giddens, Robertson, and Waters. Giddens conceived globalization as the product of modernity characterized by a “time-space distanciation” process that “ lifted out” social relations from local contexts while re-constructing them temporally and spatially indefinitely. It was discernable through an increasing network of social relations linking “distant localities in such a way that local happenings were shaped by events many miles away and vice versa”. Robertson conceptualized globalization as encapsulating dual processes of “compression of the world and the intensification of consciousness of the world as a whole”. Waters illustrated globalization as a social process making territorial constraints irrelevant over time and increasing awareness among people regarding the receding relevance of geographical constraints.

Interestingly, globalization has also been considered a cultural fact. It was not simply about relationships dealing with economic matters and political power exchanges. It is about growing de-materialization commodities, consumer sovereignty as well as compressed, individualized, integrated, and diffused technological innovation.

The Essay is a bit longer than usual you can add and remove some of the lines and phrases according to your requirement. I hope this series will help you in your preparation.

Keep visiting us for further updates.

Thank You!



Click here to view the WBCS anthropology optional Questions of Chapters 6 and 7.

Click here to view the WBCS anthropology optional Questions of Chapter 5.

Click here to view the WBCS anthropology optional Questions of Chapter 4.

Click here to view the WBCS anthropology optional Questions of Chapter 3.

Click here to view the WBCS anthropology optional Questions of Chapter 2.

Click here to view the WBCS anthropology optional Questions of Chapter 1.


You can check the detailed analysis of the syllabus of the WBCS Anthropology optional paper by clicking here.


Shami Ibrahim

Shami Ibrahim is currently working in Central Bureau of Narcotics. He joined Indian Navy in Jan 2021. Medical board out due to injury in training. Cleared UPSC CDS in 2022. Loves playing chess ♟️

Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments