We have started a series of posts evaluating the detailed previous years’ WBCS Anthropology question papers. We will publish all previous years’ WBCS Anthropology optional question papers chapter by chapter.

We have assembled these chapter-by-chapter questions following the WBCS mains previous exam questions from 2001 through the most recent exam of 2021.


Below is the detailed syllabus of Chapter 3 Anthropology optional Paper-I (WBCS mains)

3. Human Genetics :

3.1 Methods – Mendelism, Twin-study, Cytogenetics, Population genetics.
3.2 Biological basis of inheritance: DNA structure and replication, Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP), Variable Number of Tandem Repeat(s) (VNTRs), Short Tandem Repeat(s) (STRs) protein synthesis, gene, allele, and cell division.
3.3 Concept of Human Genome: nuclear genome, mitochondrial genome, Chromosome and
chromosomal aberrations in man (Numerical and structural aberrations, point mutation), Satellite DNA.
3.4 Patterns of inheritance – autosomal, sex-chromosomal, multifactorial, polygenic, sex
determination, sex influenced.
3.5 Application of human genetics – consanguinity, inbreeding, genetic load, genetic counseling,
forensic anthropology, personal identification, paternity identification, DNA fingerprinting, dermatoglyphics.

All the previous years’ questions of WBCS mains Anthropology optional Chapter 3 of Paper-I:

3.1.Methods – Mendelism, Twin-Study, Cytogenetics, Population Genetics

Q1. Discuss The Utility Of Twin Study In Anthropology.

Enumerate The Methods Of Twin Study For Understanding Heritability. Briefly State The Limitations Of the Twin Study.

 [2017] 10+10+10=30 

Q2. Enumerate Different Methods Of Study Human Genetics With Suitable Examples. [2007] 10

Q3. What Are The Different Methods Of Studying Heredity? Discuss Their Merits And  Limitations. [2002] 20 

Q4. Twin Study Method. [2009] 10 

3.2. Biological Basis Of Inheritance

Q1. Discuss The Inheritance Of Pattern Of Any Polymorphic Genetic Marker Character Of  Human With Suitable Pedigree.  [2007] 10

Q2. Senescence. [2010] 10 

Q3. Briefly discuss the structure and inheritance pattern of mtDNA.

Give a short account of the distribution of mtDNA haplotypes of tribal groups in India. [2021] 15+15

Q4. Genealogy. [2021] 10

3.3. Concept Of Human Genome 

Q1.Briefly Discuss The Different Types Of Numerical Aberrations Of Chromosomes In Man  With The Resultant Syndromes And Their Characteristics.  [2014] 12+20  

Q2. Mutation. [2004] 10 

Q3. Difference Between Mitochondrial And DNA Genome. [2017] 10

3.4. Patterns Of Inheritance – Autosomal, Sex Chromosomal, Multifactorial, Polygenic, Sex Determination, Sex Influenced

Q1. State Characteristic Features Of Autosomal, Sex Chromosomal, Multifactorial And  Polygenic Inheritance In Man.  [2016] 20 

Q2. Give An Account Of The Normal Chromosomal Constrintics In Man. Bring Out The  Consequences Of Nondisjunctional Games Of Parents Involving Sex Chromosomes On Their  Offspring.  [2001] 20 

Q3. Autosomal Dominant Inheritance In Man. [2001] 10 

3.5. Application Of Human Genetics

Q1.(A) What Is Interbreeding?

What Are The Differences Between Consanguinity And Inbreeding?

Calculate The Coefficient Of Interbreeding Of First Cousin Marriage.

(B) Discuss Briefly Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium With Suitable Example.    [2020] (4+6+10)+10 

Q2. Define Genetic Counseling And Discuss The Different Steps Of Genetic Counseling.  [2002,2017] 10 

Q3. What Is Human Genetics? [2016] 10 

Q4. Discuss The Different Applications Of Human Genetics Within The Scope Of Biological  Anthropology.   [2014] 32

Q5. Colour Blindness. [2005] 10 


Q6. Briefly Enumerate The Application Of Human Genetics With Special Reference To  Forensic Anthropology.

How Knowledge Of Osteology Is Used In Determination Of Age And Sex Of Cranial Skeleton. Dermatoglyphics Is Used In Personal Identification—–Illustrate. [2018] 10+12+8  

Q7. Forensic Anthropology. [2015] 10  

Q8. Inbreeding leads to an increase in genetic load- Illustrate.

Define inbreeding co-efficient and compute the coefficient of inbreeding of first cousin, second cousin, and half-sib with suitable pedigree.

How knowledge of DNA fingerprinting can be used in personal identification. [2021] 10+10+10

That’s all questions that have been asked in this chapter from 2001 to 2021.  Keep visiting us regularly for further updates.

We have already published all the previous years’ questions from Chapter 2. You can check that post by clicking here.

We have already published all the previous years’ questions from Chapter I. You can check that post by clicking here.

You can check the detailed analysis of the syllabus of the WBCS Anthropology optional paper by clicking here.

Keep visiting us for further updates.

Thank You!


Shami Ibrahim

Shami Ibrahim is currently working in Central Bureau of Narcotics. He joined Indian Navy in Jan 2021. Medical board out due to injury in training. Cleared UPSC CDS in 2022. Loves playing chess ♟️

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